Twelfth Air Force was constituted on August 20, 1942, and activated the same day. It moved to England on September 12, 1942, and then to North Africa for the invasion of Algeria and French Morocco on November 9, 1942. The Twelfth operated in the Mediterranean theater until the end of the war, serving with Northwest African Air Forces from February to December 1943, and afterward with Mediterranean Allied Air Forces.
COMMANDS: XII Bomber: 1942 - 1944; XII Tactical Air: 1942 - 1944; XII Tactical Air (formerly XII Fighter): 1942 - 1945.
STATIONS: Bolling Field, District of Columbia, August 20 - 28, 1942; England, September 12 - October 22, 1942; Algeria, November 9, 1942; Tunisia, August 10, 1943; Italy, December 5, 1943 - August 31, 1945.
COMMANDERS: Lt. Col. Roger T. Browne, August 26, 1942; Lt. Col. Harold L. Neely, August 28, 1942; Maj. Gen. James H. Doolittle, September 23, 1942; Lt. Gen. Carl A. Spaatz, March 1, 1943; Lt. Gen. John K. Cannon, December 21, 1943; Maj. Gen. Benjamin W. Chidlaw, April 2, 1945; Brig. Gen. Charles T. Myers, May 26 - August 31, 1945.
CAMPAIGNS: Air Combat, EAME Theater; Algeria-French Morocco; Tunisia; Sicily; Naples - Foggia; Anzio; Rome - Arno; Southern France; North Apennines; Po Valley.
INSIGNE: On an ultramarine blue equilateral triangle one point down, a white star with a red disc in the center there of bearing the numeral "12" in white, below a pair of stylized golden orange wings. (Approved December 1, 1943.)
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